Let’s Start with Safal Niveshak
Just in case you missed any of this on Safal Niveshak over the last few weeks…
- Safal Niveshak’s sent out the first annual letter to tribe members.
- Mr. Huzaifa Husain, a value investor and Head of Indian Equities at PineBridge Investments, shares investing insights in his interview with Safal Niveshak.
- Learn some new mental models in Latticework Series – Social Proof, Game Theory and Matthew Effect.
- As we begin 2016, here are a few things one should aspire to do each day – Safal Niveshak’s eight rules to live by in 2016.
So how do you judge if a book is worth reading or not? One is, if you find a book which starts with a foreword from Warren Buffett. Don Keough’s The 10 Commandments of Business Failure is one such book.
Keough worked in The Coca Cola company for close to 40 years and retired from the post of president and CEO. So even if Buffett hadn’t endorsed him, it would still be a huge mistake to miss a book written by a person who ran one of the most iconic companies of last century.
It’s quite common to find business leaders dispensing advice about what it takes to be successful, expounding on the secret sauce of success. But it takes a genius to recognize that, in business and life, what needs to be investigated is not what works, but what fails. Don’s lifetime experience in business made him realize the same.
So instead of developing a step-by-step formula for success, he came up with commandments for failure. A total ten of them among which my favourite commandment is …
Play the Game Close to the Foul Line
This commandment says that you are more likely to succeed in losing the trust if you play it close to the line. This tendency ensures that you’re not likely to inspire much trust on the part of your customers or employees. And you will fail.
When the markets are rising, a very few corporate leaders ask “Is it right?”. Instead they begin pondering “Is it legal?” And then from that point, it’s not very far from “Can we get away with it?”
Don writes …
“Despite improvements in technology and new fads in management and marketing, all business finally boils down to matters of trust—consumers trust that the product will do what it promises it is supposed to—investors trust that management is competent—employees trust anagement to live up to its obligations.”
In recent years, the line separating what’s legal and what’s ethical has become so blurred that it has started enticing the new generation of smart and energetic people who have a fuzzy view about the right thing. It all starts small when you ignore the tiny cracks in the ethical conduct. Management’s talent is now in being creative with the rules than by being guardians of transparency and fiscal integrity.
Passing laws and making new regulations can never make men ethical. People who don’t mind playing close to the foul line are more prone to cross that line. It’s extremely dangerous to even work with such people, because someone who can steal for you will steal from you.
Peter Drucker said that there is no such thing as business ethics. Just ethics. It’s not separate from the rest of your life. Plus, the biggest benefit of an ethical conduct is that it removes a lot of stress from your life.
So if you want a stressful life culminating into a grand failure, make sure you always play the game close to the foul line.
Don’s advice may seem cliched but don’t forget – things which are easy to see are easy to miss too. I am even considering getting a laminated version of these commandments for my wall.
On a lighter note, if I could add one more commandment to Keough’s list, it would be “Don’t read this book”!
Stimulate Your Mind
Here’s some amazing content we read in recent times…
- The seven sins of fund management.
- Prof. Bakshi’s short note on fixed charges coverage and risk aversion.
- Life is too short and precious to be wasted in traffic jams.
- Asking the right questions is very important for revealing the real problem because most problems are incompletely stated, says George Polya, professor of mathematics in Stanford.
While reading Things a Little Bird Told Me, written by Biz Stone, co-founder of Twitter, a particular thought on philanthropy caught my attention. Stone writes …
“People generally go about philanthropy the wrong way. They think you need to wait until you’re comfortable – i.e., rich – to give. We all define financial success differently, but I can tell you that for almost anyone at any income level, being rich exists only in the future. Waiting to give is a mistake. It doesn’t have to be about money. If you get involved early – now – the value of your gift is compounded over time. This is true in two ways. First, setting the habit of thinking of others early, before you have much to give, means that intention matures along with you. As your fortune increases, so does your inclination to give. Second, and perhaps more important, your gifts have a ripple effect, just like Stephen Colbert’s gift cards [you will have to read the book for the complete story]. Over the next two decades, the amount of good you will have done will be exponentially greater than if you’d waited until you were forty or fifty years old to write a cheque.
Having lot of money amplifies who you are. If you’re a nice person, and then you get money, you become a wonderful philanthropist. But if you’re a moron*, with lots of money you can afford to be bigger moron*.
In times of abundance, it’s human nature to seek a more purposeful life. This is often best satisfied by practicing selfless concern for the well-being of others.” (* Stone used a stronger word)
The theme that seemed to emerge from Biz’s experience is that once your bigger goals and ambitions start getting fulfilled, there is a high chance that boredom and emptiness will set in your life. It’s not a matter of if, but when. For some that stage might come much earlier and for some, a little later.
Question is what are you going to do about it? If the plan is to deal with the problem when it comes, then it might be too late. I inferred that giving back and helping others is actually a very selfish act. By starting early, you ensure availability of meaningful activities at the end of your ambitions.
Starting early may mean that you merely start thinking and researching about a cause which you find interesting. You may even approach it as a problem that needs to be solved which may or may not generate financial rewards for you.
As Biz mentions, it’s important to at least start thinking in that direction so that you start compounding the ‘thinking’ also over time. So when you’re rich, it would be much easier to deploy your resources efficiently and productively for whatever cause you choose.
Mohnish Pabrai, who runs a $850 million hedge fund in US, believes that philanthropy is an area far more difficult to excel in than stock picking. He says –
“A few years ago, my wife Harina and I were fortunate enough to have our net worth exceed $50 million and we decided it was time to start giving some of it away. I had always assumed we’d copy Warren Buffett’s approach, letting our wealth compound into my 70s and then giving away the hopefully-much-larger amount. But listening to Warren on the subject of philanthropy—he wisely says it’s far easier to make money than to give it away effectively—Harina and I decided we had better get started earlier….Getting good at philanthropy would take time, so our plan was to give away about 2% of our net worth each year. Hopefully, that would allow us to learn from our mistakes as we went and avoid blowing the whole wad at once.”
My intention is to nudge you to think about a subject, which many successful and wealthy people have discovered to be very important and difficult later in their lives. So that when you do reach your financial goals, you won’t be surprised with the overwhelming complexity and enormity of the task of ‘giving back’.
I think any plan is better than no plan. Having no plan will mean that you never get started but having some plan, even if a wrong one, will at least start moving you in some direction and eventually the efforts will start compounding over the years.
The plan could be as simple as Mohnish’s. Give away 1% of my net worth once the net worth crosses certain number. Then keep your ears and eyes open for social causes (businesses) which look promising (in terms of social impact ROI).
I would leave you with a thought from Charlie Munger –
“People should take way less than they are worth when they are favoured by life. I would agree that when you rise high enough, you’ve got a moral duty to be underpaid.”
Munger probably said this while talking about corporate governance, but I can relate a lot to his thought in the context of social governance, if there is such a word.
If you’re reading this, you’ve been favoured by life. Perhaps somebody created an opportunity which you exploited to reach where you’re today.
How about poking the life in such a manner that someone, somewhere, few decades down the line, can benefit from your efforts and feel ‘favoured by life’.
Don’t forget to return the favour life has conferred upon you.
Don’t play too close to the foul line.
Go green and recycle your wealth.
Stay happy, stay blessed and keep poking!
Jana Vembunarayanan says
Your writing is lucid. Keep up the great work.
Anshul Khare says
Thanks a lot Jana!
I have learnt a lot from your writing.